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ABC-AHP-NCNPR Botanical Adulterants Program

Botanical Adulterants Monitor | Adulteration Reports | Underwriters and Supporters | Adulteration News
About the Program | ABC Quality Control Resources | External Adulteration Links | Olive Oil Adulteration

Botanical Adulterants MonitorSecond issue available now!


 Adulteration Reports:
The Adulteration of Black Cohosh
Adulteration of
Black Cohosh

The Adulteration of Commercial Bilberry Extracts
Adulteration of
Bilberry Extracts
The Adulteration of Commercial "Grapefruit Seed Extract
Adulteration of
"Grapefruit Seed

The Adulteration of Skullcap with American Germander
Adulteration of
Skullcap with

History of Adulterants
History of

Adulteration News:

International Dietary Supplement Trade Alliance Endorses Botanical Adulterants Educational Program

World's Largest Group of Medicinal Plant Researchers Endorses ABC-AHP-NCNPR Botanical Adulterants Program

Science Group Says Article on DNA Barcode Analysis of Herbs Is Flawed, Contains Errors, Creates Confusion, and Should Be Retracted

America's Largest Professional Society of Medicinal Plant Research Experts Endorses Botanical Adulteration Education Program

More Than 100 Groups Support ABC-AHP-NCNPR
Botanical Adulterants Program

Botanical Adulterants Program Press Release

Nonprofit Collaboration Addresses Adulteration of Botanical Dietary Ingredients

Three leading nonprofit organizations—the American Botanical Council (ABC), the American Herbal Pharmacopoeia (AHP), and the University of Mississippi's National Center for Natural Products Research (NCNPR)—have initiated a large-scale program to educate members of the herbal and dietary supplement industry about ingredient and product adulteration.

Responsible parties in the herbal and dietary supplement community have become increasingly concerned about the suspected and confirmed practice of adulteration of numerous ingredients. The existence of adulteration raises questions about the identity and quality of some popular herbal ingredients sold in dietary supplements in the United States and in other botanical products (e.g., medicines, cosmetics, etc.) in global markets. Read more here.

Quality Control Resources from ABC Publications:
Some articles may be available to ABC members and registered users only.

Contaminants in Commonly Prescribed Chinese Botanical Drugs
    HerbClip Bin 488

Voucher Specimens Essential in Medicinal Plant Research
    HerbClip Bin 488

Common Characteristics of Food Adulterations
    HerbClip Bin 487

How to Qualify an Analytical Laboratory for Analysis of Herbal Dietary Ingredients and Avoid Using a "Dry Lab": A review of issues related to using a contract analytical laboratory by industry, academia, and regulatory agencies
   — HerbalGram 99

Enhancing Quality Control of Botanical Medicine in the 21st Century from the Perspective of Industry: The use of chemical profiling and DNA barcoding to ensure accurate identity
   — HerbalGram 97

Reproducible Efficacy and Safety Depend on Reproducible Quality: Matching the Various Quality Standards that have been Established for Botanical Ingredients with their Intended Uses in Cosmetics, Dietary Supplements, Foods, and Medicines
   — HerbalGram 91

Quality Assessment of Selected Indian Medicinal Plants, Volume I
   — HerbalGram 91

African Natural Plant Products: New Discoveries and Challenges in Chemistry and Quality
   — HerbalGram 89

Ensuring the Specific Identity and Quality of Herbal Products by the Power of DNA
   — HerbalGram 86

Review of FDA’s Final GMPs for Dietary Supplements
   — HerbalGram 76

Quality Criteria for Kava
   — HerbalGram 73

ABC Publishes Crucial Quality Control Manual for Accurate Identification of Herbs and Herbal Products
   — HerbalGram 72

New Organization to Develop Quality Standards for African Herbs
   — HerbalGram 70

Third-Party Evaluation Programs for the Quality of Dietary Supplements
   — HerbalGram 64

The Role of Chemical Reference Standards as Analytical Tools in the Quality Assessment of Botanical Materials– A European Perspective
   — HerbalGram 63

Quality Control in Herbal Preparations: Using Botanical Reference Standards for Proper Identification

   — HerbalGram 63

Issues of Quality: Analyzing Herbal Materials and the Current Status of Methods Validation
   — HerbalGram 53

The JAMAICA GINGER Paralysis Episode of the 1930s
   — HerbalGram 34


External Adulteration Links:
ABC provides these links as an educational service, but cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information in them. Some websites may require registration.

More than 35 AHP Monographs on herbs, including extensive information on quality control, specifications, analytical methods, and more

American Herbal Products Association
AHPA Botanical Reference Compendium

Adulteration in India

Adulteration and Substitution in Endangered ASU Medicinal Plants of India: A Review [PDF]

Natural Products INSIDER
Ensuring Ingredient Identity: Focus on Testing Methods




USP's Food Fraud Database


Olive Oil Adulteration:

Extra Virgin Suicide, New York Times, Jan. 25, 2014



Underwriters and Supporters of the
Botanical Adulterants Program*

Financial Underwriters
21st Century Healthcare
AdvoCare International L.P.
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Aloecorp Inc.
Amen Clinics
Amway/Nutrilite Health Institute
Artemis International, Inc.
Aveda Corporation
BI Nutraceuticals
Bionorica SE
Cepham, Inc.
Chemi Nutra
CNCA Health
Crila Health
dicentra, Inc.
Doctor's Best
Dr. Bronner's Magic Soaps
DSM Nutritional Products, Inc.
Emerson Ecologics
Enzymatic Therapy, Inc.
Ethical Naturals, Inc.
Eu Yan Sang International
Flavex Naturextrakte GmbH
Gaia Herbs
Gencor Nutrients, Inc.
GNC, Inc.
Helios Corp.
Herb Pharm
Herbalife International, Inc.
Horphag Research
Indena USA, Inc.
Ingredient Identity
Markan Global Enterprises, Inc.
Martin Bauer, Inc.
MediHerb / Integria Healthcare
Metagenics, Inc.
Natural Factors Nutritional
    Products, Inc./Bioclinic
Natural Grocers by Vitamin
Nature's Sunshine Products
Nature's Way
Naturex, Inc.
NBTY, Inc.
New Chapter, Inc.
The New Frontier Foundation
    Fund of the Greater Cedar
    Rapids Community Foundation
Ningbo Greenhealth
    Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
Novel Ingredients
NOW Foods
Nu Skin Enterprises/Pharmanex
Nutritional Laboratories
Ortho Molecular Products
Pacific Nutritional Inc.
Paragon Laboratories
Pathway International Pty
Perrigo Company
Pharmatoka SAS
Pharmavite, LLC
Polyphenolics, Division of
    Constellation Brands, Inc.
Pure Encapsulations
Rainbow Light Nutritional
RFI Ingredients, LLC
Sabinsa Corporation
Schwabe North America
Shaklee Corp
Standard Process, Inc.
Thorne Research, Inc.
Traditional Medicinals, Inc.
Triarco Industries, Inc.
Univera, Inc.
Valensa International
V.D.F. FutureCeuticals
Verdure Sciences
Vitamin Shoppe
Weil Lifestyle, LLC
Whole Foods Market

Trade Associations
Australian Self Medication
Australian Tea Tree Industry Association (Australia)
Complementary Healthcare
    Council of Australia
Consumer Healthcare Products
    Association (US)
Council for Responsible Nutrition
International Alliance of 
   Dietary/Food Supplement
   Associations (IADSA)
Natural Products Association
United Natural Products Alliance

Nonprofit/Professional Associations
American Association of 
    Naturopathic Physicians
American Society of
Council of Colleges of
    Acupuncture and Oriental
Personalized Lifestyle Medicine
Society for Medicinal Plant
    and Natural Product Research
    - GA 

Bastyr University
Boucher Institute for
   Naturopathic Medicine
National College of Natural
Southwest College of
    Naturopathic Medicine
University of Bridgeport College     of Naturopathic Medicine

Third-Party Analytical Laboratories
Alkemist Labs
AuthenTechnologies LLC
Bent Creek Institute
British Columbia Institute of
Covance Laboratories
Eurofins Scientific Inc.
Flora Research Labs
NSF International
Spectrix Labs
Tampa Bay Analytical

Delicious Living
Functional Ingredients
Holistic Primary Care
Informa Exhibitions US
Integrator Blog
Media Relations, Inc.
Modern Healthcare Practitioner
Natural Foods Merchandiser
Natural Products INSIDER
Nutraceuticals World
Nutrition Business Journal
Nutrition Industry Executive
Nutritional Outlook

Vitamin Retailer
WholeFoods Magazine

Law Firms & Regulatory Consultants
Amin Talati, LLC
Greenberg Traurig, LLP (James
Law Office of Holly Bayne, P.C.
Robert Forbes & Associates

Contract Research Organizations
KGK Synergize
Medicus Research

Korean Ginseng Research
Shanghai Research Center for
    TCM Modernization/Shanghai
    Institute of Materia Medica of
    the Chinese Academy of

 *By acknowledging the generous support of these companies and organizations, ABC, AHP, and NCNPR are not endorsing any ingredients or products that may be produced or marketed by them.