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The American Botanical Council (ABC) is passionate about helping people live healthier lives through the responsible use of herbs and medicinal plants. As an independent, nonprofit education organization, ABC is dedicated to providing accurate and reliable information for consumers, healthcare practitioners, researchers, educators, industry and the media.

Please enjoy this information on cocoa flavanols made available through the generosity of Mars Symbioscience's adoption.

Chocolate for AAH

Theobroma cacao is an evergreen tree in the mallow family (Malvaceae) and is native to tropical Central and South America. Cocoa contains flavanols that improve circulation, lower high blood pressure, and reduce the risk of death due to cardiovascular disease.

Additional ABC Cocoa Flavanol Resources 

HerbalGram Articles

Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cocoa and Chocolate on Important Cardiovascular Risk Factors Finds Multiple Benefits. 2012; 96:30-31.

HerbClip reviews

Intake of Cocoa Flavanols Reverses Age-related Burden of Cardiovascular Risk in Healthy, Elderly Men. HC# 071532-537, 1/29/2016.

Cocoa Flavanol Consumption Improves Vascular Function in Healthy Subjects. HC# 111531-534, 12/15/2015.

Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, and Excretion of Cocoa Flavanols Depend on Numerous Factors. HC# 041533-530, 10/15/2015.

Research Review Supports Cardioprotective Role of Cocoa. HC# 021531-516, 3/13/2015.

Review of Cocoa and Human Health. HC# 011413-497, 5/30/2014.

Historical Review of Cocoa and Cardiovascular Health. HC# 111313-495, 4/30/2014.

Flavan-3-ols Improve Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors. HC# 071332-484, 11/15/2013.

Review of Cocoa Consumption Effects on Cardiovascular Disease Risk. HC# 061312-482, 10/15/2013.

Comprehensive Review of the Cardiovascular Benefits of Cocoa and Chocolate. HC# 081125-437, 11/30/2011.

A Comprehensive Review of Cocoa and Its Health Benefits, History, and Nutritional Profile. HC# 051122-431, 8/31/2011.

Review of Cocoa Flavanol Literature Shows that Blood Pressure-lowering Effects May Be Due to Modulation of Nitric Oxide and Superoxide Anion. HC# 031122-427.

Regular Consumption of Dark Chocolate May Benefit Cardiovascular Health. HC# 040181-352, 5/15/2008.

Effects of Flavanol-rich Cocoa on Vascular Function in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease. HC# 070161-309, 7/31/2006.


Send a Cocoa Flavanols E-Card to support Heart Health or contact us for more information on ABC's Adopt-an-Herb Program.